TEAM Colombia TEAM Turkey TEAM Norway TEAM Malaysia TEAM Mexico TEAM Korea TEAM Italy InterPARES 3 TEAM China TEAM Catalonia TEAM Canada TEAM Brazil TEAM Africa

Association of Canadian Archivists (ACA)
The ACA is a federally incorporated, not-for-profit association and has received a Certificate of Continuance under the Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Act (NFP Act). The ACA was established in 1975, and incorporated in 1978, after operating for a number of years as the Archives Section of the Canadian Historical Association (CHA). Today, the ACA represents over 600 archivists across Canada, with headquarters in Ottawa. Its mission is to provide the archival profession leadership and to facilitate an understanding and appreciation of Canada’s archival heritage.

Archives Association of British Columbia (AABC)
The AABC represents individual and institutional members, maintains resources for the public and the archival community, and advocate for Archives in the province of British Columbia, Canada. It's mission is to foster the development of the provincial archival community to better preserve and promote access to British Columbia's documentary heritage. It assists the community through its Educational Advisory, Preservation, and Network Services and maintenance of a provincial catalogue (

Arquivo Nacional [Brazilian National Archives]
The Arquivo Nacional, located in Rio de Janeiro, was created in 1838.

Associació d'Arxivers · Gestors de Documents de Catalunya (AAC-GD) [Archivists Association of Records Managers, Catalonia]
The AAC-GD is a private organization, established in 1985, that aims to boost the exposure and work of Catalan archivists, defend their legitimate interests, both individual and collective, and promote and develop the archival profession.

Associazione Nazionale Archivistica Italiana (ANAI) [Italian National Association of Archivists]
The ANAI promotes activities and studies to support the cultural function of archivists, develop and protect their professionalism, to improve relations between experts and patrons of the archives and to preserve and promote the archival heritage.

The BC Archives
The BC Archives, located within the Royal BC Museum, is the archives of the provincial government of British Columbia, Canada, and provides research access to records of enduring value to the province for both the provincial government and public researchers.

Canadian Conservation Institute (CCI)
The CCI is a centre of expertise in conservation and conservation science. It was created in 1972 to promote the proper care and preservation of Canada's cultural heritage and to advance the practice, science, and technology of conservation. The CCI advances and promotes the conservation of Canada's heritage collections through its expertise in conservation science, treatment and preventive conservation. The CCI works with heritage institutions and professionals to ensure these heritage collections are preserved and accessible to Canadians now and in the future.

Canadian Council of Archives (CCA)
The CCA was established in 1985, as a result of federal-provincial efforts to encourage and facilitate the evolution of an archival system in Canada. It is a national non-profit organization dedicated to nurturing nd sustaining the nationwide efforts of over 800 archives across Canada. The CCA's membership includes provincial and territorial councils from across Canada, the Bureau of Canadian Archivists, the Association des archivistes du Québec, the Association of Canadian Archivists, and the Council of Provincial and Territorial Archivists.

Centre for the Investigation of Financial Electronic Records (CiFER)
CiFER is a global program of investigation into the records of financial institutions and how best to manage and control the risks associated with them. CiFER consists of 5 core research streams: core understanding, confidentiality, integrity, availability and solutions/best practice.

Co-operative Development of a Long-Term Digital Information Archives (KOPAL)
This German project involves the co-operative development of a long-term digital information archive by the German National Library, Göttingen State and University Library, Society for Scientific Data Processing mbH Göttingen (GWDG) and IBM Germany.

Create Once, Use Many Times - The Clever Use of Metadata in eGovernment and eBusiness Processes In Networked Environments
Recordkeeping professionals now recognise the value of metadata as a tool for ensuring reliable recordkeeping in electronic environments, particularly in eBusiness and eGovernment. However, the implementation of recordkeeping metadata standards is proving to be problematic: tools for automatic metadata creation are inadequate, and current systems environments generally do not support the sharing of metadata between business systems for multiple purposes.

This research project will develop a proof of concept prototype to demonstrate how standards-compliant metadata can be created once in particular application environments, then used many times to meet a range of business purposes. The prototype will be implemented in a test-bed site to provide a model for best practice.

Cultural, Artistic and Scientific knowledge for Preservation, Access and Retrieval (CASPAR)
CASPAR was a 42-month (2006-09) integrated project co-financed by the European Union within the Sixth Framework Programme (Priority IST-2005-2.5.10, "Access to and preservation of cultural and scientific resources"). The primary goals of CASPAR were to:

  • Implement, extend, and validate the OAIS reference model (ISO:14721:2003)

  • Enhance the techniques for capturing Representation Information and other preservation related information for content objects.

  • Design virtualisation services supporting long term digital resource preservation, despite changes in the underlying computing (hardware and software) and storage systems, and the Designated Communities.

  • Integrate digital rights management, authentication, and accreditation as standard features of CASPAR.

  • Research more sophisticated access to and use of preserved digital resources including intuitive query and browsing mechanisms.

  • Develop case studies to validate the CASPAR approach to digital resource preservation across different user communities and assess the conditions for a successful replication.

  • Actively contribute to the relevant standardisation activities in areas addressed by CASPAR.

  • Raise awareness about the critical importance of digital preservation among the relevant user-communities and facilitate the emergence of a more diverse offer of systems and services for preservation of digital resources.

Data Preservation Alliance for the Social Science (Data-PASS)
The Data Preservation Alliance for the Social Sciences (Data-PASS) is a voluntary partnership of organizations created to archive, catalog and preserve data used for social science research. Examples of social science data include: opinion polls; voting records; surveys on family growth and income; social network data; government statistics and indices; and GIS data measuring human activity.

The DELOS Network of Excellence on Digital Libraries is committed to the promotion of digital library research and development in Europe. DELOS is an initiative funded by the European Commission's Information Society Technologies’ 5th Framework Programme (IST-FP5). Among its many objectives, DELOS seeks to provide a forum where researchers, practitioners, and representatives of interested application communities and industries can exchange ideas and experiences, train young researchers in the digital libraries field; contribute towards defining a European Union research policy in the digital libraries domain and promote international cooperation in the digital libraries research domain.

Digitale archivering in/voor Vlaamse instellingen en diensten (DAVID Project) [Digital Archiving in Flemish Institutions and Administrations]
The DAVID Project (2000-03) was the first Flemish research project on electronic recordkeeping. DAVID is the Flemish acronym for "Digitale archivering in/voor Vlaamse instellingen en diensten" [Digital Archiving in Flemish Institutions and Administrations]. The aim of the project was to examine how electronic records created by Flemish Institutions and Administrations, can be archived within their context in a durable and authentic way. The project concentrated on electronic office documents (word processing files, spreadsheets, e-mails, etc.) as well as on archiving records that were created in dynamic and interactive database-driven information systems (such as websites). The project resulted in a recordkeeping system for both types of documents. Access to the project's research results is now provided through Expertisecentrum DAVID vzw (or eDAVID).

Direzione Generale Archivi (DGA) [Directorate General Archives]
The DGA promotes and coordinates activities relating to the conservation, protection and enhancement of the Italian national archives.

DOCAM Research Alliance (Langlois Foundation)
DOCAM was a five-year (2005-10) international research alliance, composed of some 20 institutional partners from around the world, focused on the documentation and conservation of the media arts heritage. DOCAM was entrusted with a mandate to examine the factors that threaten the technological arts heritage and to put forward solutions and tools to allow artists, collaborators, museum professionals and collectors to better document and preserve this heritage. DOCAM focused on five research axes: conservation, documentation, cataloguing, history of technologies and terminology.

Expertisecentrum DAVID (eDAVID)
eDAVID is a centre of research and knowledge on digital archiving headquartered in The Netherlands. It grew out of the DAVID Project.

Effective Strategic Model for the Preservation and Disposal of Institutional Digital Assets (eSPIDA)
The goal of this two-year project (2005-07) was to develop and implement a sustainable business-focused model for digital preservation, as part of a knowledge management agenda in higher education institutions. The model that eSPIDA has developed can help make business cases for proposals that may not necessarily offer immediate financial benefit to an organisation, but rather bring benefit in more intangible spheres. It frames proposals within an investment context that is directly aligned with the strategic goals of the organisation and offers a realistic approach to understanding and communicating intangible value and risk. Although it was designed initially to be used within the area of digital resource management, it has potential for far wider application (decision making, performance measurement, change management).

Electronic Records Archives (ERA)
The ERA is a technology system designed to preserve and manage the US National Archives and Records Administration's (NARA) electronic records and to manage the lifecycle of paper records and other holdings, including support for records retention schedules and the accessioning process for all Federal records. NARA has been developing, testing, and refining the ERA System since 2005.

Electronic Resource and Preservation Access Network (ERPANET)
The European Commission funded ERPANET Project will establish an expandable European Consortium, which will make viable and visible information, best practice and skills development in the area of digital preservation of cultural heritage and scientific objects. ERPANET will bring together memory organisations (museums, libraries and archives), ICT and software industry, research institutions, government organisations (including local ones), entertainment and creative industries, and commercial sectors (including for example pharmaceuticals, petro-chemical, and financial). The dominant feature of ERPANET will be the provision of a virtual clearinghouse and knowledge-base on state-of-the-art developments in digital preservation and the transfer of that expertise among individuals and institutions.

Exploring Collaborations to Harness Objects in a Digital Environment for Preservation (ECHO DEPository)
The ECHO DEPository was a 6-year (2004-2010) digital preservation research and development project at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, funded by the Library of Congress under their National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program (NDIIPP). The project pulled together several streams of activities aimed at helping to answer the question of how digital resources will be identified, archived, and preserved for the future.

Fedora and the Preservation of University Records (Tufts and Yale Universities)
This 2-year (2004-2006) grant project combines electronic records preservation research and theory with digital library practice to investigate three areas of research: requirements for trustworthy recordkeeping systems and preservation activities, ingesting records into a preservation system, and maintaining records in a preservation system. The Digital Collections and Archives of Tufts University and Manuscripts and Archives of Yale University undertook this project with support of a National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) electronic records research grant. Although the project is aimed at university archivists and focuses primarily on university records, the findings are not university-specific and are easily applicable to the management and preservation of electronic records in most industries. The project deliverables consist of twelve reports and an ingest prototype tool. The reports fall into four groups: introduction, ingest, maintain and findings.

International Records Management Trust (IRMT)
The IRMT is a United Kingdom-based charity, established in 1989, to develop new strategies for managing records and information. Its aim is to provide consultancy services, training and education and research into records management across the world. Its work emphasises the importance of managing records as a basis for protecting civil and human rights, reducing poverty, controlling corruption, strengthening democracy, promoting economic and social reform, improving services to citizens, and demonstrating accountability and transparency.

Library and Archives Canada (LAC)
LAC preserves and makes accessible the documentary heritage of Canada. It also serves as the continuing memory of the federal government of Canada and its institutions. This heritage includes publications, archival records, sound and audio-visual materials, photographs, artworks, and electronic documents.

Life-Cycle Information for E-Literature (LIFE) Project
LIFE (Life Cycle Information for E-Literature) was a project that looked at the life cycle of the collection and preservation of digital material. The project was a collaboration between University College London (UCL) Library Services and the British Library and funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). LIFE completed its first phase (LIFE1) in April 2006, its second phase (LIFE2) in August 2008, and its third phase (LIFE3) in 2010.

Long-Term Records Management (LongRec) Project
LongRec was a three year (2007-09) joint-industry research project in Norway aimed at developing strategies for the long-term preservation of reliable and trustworthy digital documents, with an emphasis on the preservation of their semantic information and context for efficient long-term retrieval, use and understanding. The project constituted the Norwegian team of the InterPARES 3 Project. LongRec addressed several research challenges, each of which was assigned a short name for simplicity: records transition survival (READ), long-term usage (FIND), preservation of semantic value (UNDERSTAND), preservation of evidential value (TRUST) as well as legal, social, and cultural framework (COMPLIANCE).

The Long-Term Preservation Metadata for Electronic Resources (LMER)
LMER is the German National Library’s (Deutsche Nationalbibliothek) own metadata schema based on the National Library of New Zealand model.

Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard (METS)
The METS schema is a standard for encoding descriptive, administrative, and structural metadata regarding objects within a digital library, expressed using the XML schema language of the World Wide Web Consortium. The standard is maintained in the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the US Library of Congress, and is being developed as an initiative of the Digital Library Federation.

The MetaMap is a pedagogical graphic that takes the form of a subway map. Its aim is to help the information science community understand metadata standards, sets, and initiatives of interest in this area.

The National Archives of the United Kingdom
The National Archives of the UK is the official archives and publisher for the UK government, and for England and Wales. It is the guardian of some of the UK's most iconic national documents, dating back over 1,000 years. The Archive's role is to collect and secure the future of the government record, both digital and physical, to preserve it for generations to come, and to make it as accessible and available as possible.

The National Archives of Ireland
The National Archives holds the records of the modern Irish State that document its historical evolution and the creation of its national identity. The Archives secures the preservation of records relating to Ireland that warrant preservation as archives and ensures that appropriate arrangements are made for public access to archives.

National Archives and Records Service of South Africa (NARS)
NARS was established in 1996 to oversee both the proper management and care of the records of South Africa's governmental bodies and the preservation and use of the country's archival heritage, and to provide for matters connected therewith. The mission of NARS is to foster a national identity and the protection of rights:

  • By preserving a national archival heritage for use by the government and people of South Africa; and

  • By promoting efficient, accountable and transparent government through the proper management and care of government records.

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
The NARA is an independent agency of the US government charged with preserving and documenting government and historical records and with increasing public access to those documents, which comprise the National Archives. The NARA is officially responsible for maintaining and publishing the legally authentic and authoritative copies of acts of Congress, presidential proclamations and executive orders, and federal regulations.

Network of Expertise in Long-term Storage of Digital Resources (Nestor)
Nestor is the German competence network for digital preservation in Germany. In Nestor, libraries, archives, museums and leading experts work together on long-term archiving and long-term availability of digital resources. Nestor is a cooperation network with partners from various sectors, all of which have a stake in digital preservation.

Nestor-Handbuch: Eine Kleine Enzyklopädie der Digitalen Langzeitarchivierung [Nestor Handbook: A Small Encyclopaedia of Digital Long-term Archiving] [A Small Encyclopedia of Digital Long-term Archiving]
The Nestor Handbook is a comprehensive state-of-the-art documentation on digital curation and digital preservation in German language, produced by Nestor. It is intended as a living document and is revised periodically. The first version was published in 2006, the current version (v2.3) was published in 2010.

Portico (JSTOR)
Portico is among the largest community-supported digital archives in the world. Working with libraries and publishers, it preserves e-journals, e-books, and other electronic scholarly content to ensure researchers and students will have access to these resources in the future.

preservation Eprint SERVices (PRESERV)
The aim of the PRESERV project is to build and test preservation-enabled Eprints-based institutional repositories (IR) founded on the OAIS preservation reference model. Specifically this will include:

  • An adapted Eprints user deposit interface to support ingest, through the identification and collection or generation of preservation metadata, including a machine interface with file format identification software;

  • A software-independent OAI interface for third-party trusted preservation services to harvest selected objects from IRs according to set criteria; and, for test purposes, a re-harvesting interface to enable selected materials to be returned to the IR, data provider or other preservation client; and

  • Guidance for institutions on preservation planning and management to support implementation of a preservation-enabled Eprints-based IR.

Preservation and Long-term Access through Networked Services (PLANETS)
PLANETS, Preservation and Long-term Access through Networked Services, was a four-year project (2006-10) co-funded by the European Union under the Sixth Framework Programme to address core digital preservation challenges. The primary goal for Planets was to build practical services and tools to help ensure long-term access to digital cultural and scientific assets.

The Preservation of the Integrity of Electronic Records (UBC Project)
Using the principles of archival science and diplomatics as a foundation, the "UBC Project" defined the requirements for creating, handling and preserving reliable and authentic electronic records in active recordkeeping systems. As its second phase, the InterPARES Project will apply the diplomatic and modeling methodology of the UBC Project to develop the theoretical and methodological knowledge required for the preservation of the integrity of inactive records created in electronic systems.

Preserving the Records of the E-Legislature (Minnesota Historical Society)
In April 2005, the Minnesota Historical Society, the Office of the Revisor of Statutes, and the Legislative Reference Library launched a project to explore and test the technologies available to preserve the electronic records of the Minnesota legislature. The project was funded by a grant of $264,000 from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC), an agency of the US federal government. The partners received technological help and services from the San Diego Supercomputer Center, and staff from the California State Archives, State Library, and Legislative Counsel evaluated the project for adoption in their state.

Repository for Preservation of Authentic Digital Records (RODA)
RODA is a complete digital repository that delivers functionality for all the main units of the OAIS reference model. RODA is capable of ingesting, managing and providing access to the various types of digital objects produced by large corporations or public bodies. RODA is based on open-source technologies and is supported by existing standards such as the OAIS, METS, EAD and PREMIS.

Service-Oriented Architecture for Preservation and Ingest of digital objects (SOAPI) project
The 18-month (2007-08) SOAPI project sought to develop an architecture and toolkit for (partially) automating preservation and ingest workflows in digital repositories, based on a set of atomic web services, each encapsulating a unit of preservation functionality, combined with web-based forms when human input is required. A workflow orchestration tool was used to combine these services and user input functions, creating workflows that minimise the need for human intervention. The main objectives were:

  • to develop a production quality toolkit, based on this flexible and extensible architecture, that allows repository managers to construct preservation workflows; and

  • to supplement this work with more speculative research, investigating the use of semantic annotation of web services to allow preservation services to be dynamically discovered and executed at run-time.

SHERPA DP Project (JISC Digital Preservation and Asset Management)
The SHERPA DP project ran from 2005 - 2007 and was funded as part of the JISC Digital Preservation and Asset Management programme. The purpose of the project was to investigate a disaggregated service model and assign rights and responsibilities. The aims and objectives of the project were to:

  • Use the OAIS reference model to develop a persistent preservation environment for the SHERPA consortium, assigning rights and responsibilities and establishing protocols and work flow processes that will ensure the long-term preservation of the repository content.

  • Explore the use of METS as the framework for packaging and transferring metadata held within the institutional repositories, including the preservation metadata created by the preservation service.

  • Establish a coordinated set of protocols and software to be implemented as a working preservation service for a group of institutional repositories.

  • Explore the use of open source software and tools to add functionality to and extend the storage layer of repository software applications.

  • Draw together the experience gained into a Digital Preservation User Guide that will complement the “The Preservation Management of Digital Material Handbook” created by Maggie Jones and Neil Beagrie, and act as a practical user guide to implementing this type of preservation environment.

Significant Properties (InSPECT) project (Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS))
The InSPECT (Investigating the Significant Properties of Electronic Content Over Time) project was funded by JISC between March 2007 and March 2009 under the Repositories and Preservation programme. It was led by the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) Executive until the demise of AHDS in March 2008, and then by the Centre for e-Research (CeRch) at Kings College London. CeRch was assisted by project partners at The National Archives (TNA).

The InSPECT project utilised design methods to identify the functions performed by an Object in its current manifestation and evaluate if they are required by other stakeholders. It adapted the Function-Behaviour-Structure (FBS) framework, a framework developed by John Gero to assist engineers and designers with the process of creating and re-engineering systems. By considering the purpose of the object in conjunction with the stakeholder that uses it, an auditor may determine the functionality and, by extension the properties, that are necessary to maintain over time. By focussing upon the properties that are essential, the institution may adopt a preservation strategy that is faster, simpler to perform and less costly than alternative strategies that maintain all elements of the object.

La Sociedad Colombiana de Archivistas (SCA) [Colombian Society of Archivists]
The SCA is a nonprofit organization that focuses all its efforts on strengthening the Guild of Columbian Archivists, developing and updating training programs and advisory consulting and auditing in Document Management. The SCA is used by professional archivists to promote improvement of academic and professional conditions and also to promote the creation of venues for discussion of national archives issues to ensure the continued progress of its members, records, society and the state.

UiTM, Faculty of Information Management
Universiti Teknologi MARA, Faculty of Information Management, website link 1 for the InterPARES 3 Project's TEAM Malaysia.

UiTM, Faculty of Information Management, Research & Consultancy
Universiti Teknologi MARA, Faculty of Information Management, website link 2 for the InterPARES 3 Project's TEAM Malaysia.

Memory of the World Programme
Memory of the World is an UNESCO program created in 1992 for the preservation and dissemination of valuable archives holdings and library collections worldwide. Impetus came originally from a growing awareness of the perilous state of preservation of, and access to, documentary heritage in various parts of the world. War and social upheaval, as well as severe lack of resources, have worsened problems that have existed for centuries. Significant collections worldwide have suffered a variety of fates. Looting and dispersal, illegal trading, destruction, inadequate housing and funding have all played a part. Much has vanished forever; much is endangered. The vision of the Memory of the World Programme is that the world's documentary heritage belongs to all, should be fully preserved and protected for all and, with due recognition of cultural mores and practicalities, should be permanently accessible to all without hindrance. The most publicly visible aspect of the Programme, theMemory of the World Register, was created in 1995. The Register lists documentary heritage that has been recommended by the International Advisory Committee, and endorsed by the Director-General of UNESCO, as corresponding to the selection criteria regarding world significance and outstanding universal value.

Victorian Electronic Records Strategy (VERS)
The Victorian Electronic Records Strategy (VERS) has been developed by Public Record Office Victoria [Australia] to help Victorian government agencies manage, store and access their electronic records, and to ensure that Victoria’s key electronic information will be identified, preserved and accessible in the future, regardless of how it was created.

中华人民共和国国家档案局 [The State Archives Administration of the People's Republic of China]
The State Archives Administration is the national administrative agency responsible for preservation of historical records of the state dating back to imperial times in China. These include government documents since the May Fourth Movement. The agency also concurrently holds records for the Communist Party of China. Hence, it is also known as the Central Archives.


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